Mine Operation

Balama Processing and Operations

Processing Flowchart



Processing Explained

The Balama processing plant has a feed rate of 2Mtpa using conventional processes including:

-  Primary crushing / crushed ore storage / recycled crusher (break rocks containing graphtie mineral into chunks)
-  Primary milling
-  Flotation (separate mineral and rocks)
-  Secondary milling1 and classification
-  Filtration, flake and fine drying
-  Classification and product bagging

Waste material is pumped to the Tailings Storage Facility after the graphite flotation process. 
(1) Secondary milling process separating the coarse and fine flake circuits



Balama is connected by a bitumen road to the Port of Nacala, some 490km south east of the operation. Nacala is a major port in Mozambique and the deepest port in southern Africa. Balama graphite will be packed into one tonne bags, hauled by road to Nacala and then packed into 20 foot containers for export.  

Syrah’s graphite distribution and logistics services have been contracted out to a third party for an initial term of five years (ASX announcement).


Chipembe dam


Water for Balama is supplied from the Chipembe Dam which has a capacity of approximately 25 million m3 and is located 12km from the Balama Operations.  Syrah also has a water recycling and rainwater recovery program. Details of Syrah’s water management performance can be found in the quarterly sustainability updates.

Sustainability News 

Power station 


Balama is powered by a 15.4 MW diesel driven power station comprised of seven 2.2MW generators. The power station will provide sufficient electricity for Balama to operate independently without any requirement to access grid power. Currently, power supply from the main grid remains intermittent. 

Bitumen road to the Balama Project

Plant Site Buildings 

Other infrastrcture at Balama include:

- Medical & Emergency Response Centre
- Warehouse and laboratory
- Administration building
Accommodation Village and a canteen.